Biological Macromolecules Section

The purpose of the AIC Section on Biological Macromolecules (BMM) is to further the advancement of all aspects and applications of crystallographic techniques, and of single particle cryo-EM, to proteins, nucleic acids and their complexes, while promoting communication between AIC members active or interested in the variate developments of these fields.

The aim of the BMM web-page is to connect the structural biology and crystallographic groups in Italy to the main European facilities, to the forthcoming meetings and courses, suppliers, employment opportunities and to specialized or generally useful software packages. We also aim to foster discussion and exchange of ideas, materials, and promote collaboration between groups.

Nothing of this kind happens without the continuous and careful contributions of the community, which is invited to contribute with news, ideas, offers, etc. This is particularly valuable in Italy, where the structural biology groups are located in quite diverse Departments and scientific environments, and may be relatively under-dimensioned. We aim to help all through these pages and the associated information flow.

All constructive suggestions for improving our communication are very welcome. Please let us know what you would like to see in this page and contribute to it!


Coordination Board

Stefano Mangani – –  Coordinator

Rocco Caliandro – – web content editor

Andrea Ilari –

Marina Mapelli –



BMM Research groups

Protein crystallography and cryoEM
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padua
Giuseppe Zanotti, Tito Calì, Paola Berto, Francesca Vallese, Alessandro Grinzato.
Structural Biology group
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia
Andrea Mattevi, Claudia Binda, Federico Forneris, Francesca Magnani, Stefano Rovida.
Biomolecular Structures, Macromolecular Crystallography
Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Padua
Roberto Battistutta, Elisa Costanzi, Valentina Furlanetto.
Laboratory of Protein Crystallography and Structure-Based Drug Design
CIBIO – Centre for Integrative Biology, University of Trento
Graziano Lolli, Giulia Cazzanelli, Andrea Dalle Vedove.
MethodsX-ray diffraction and bioSAXS
CNR – Institute of Crystallography, Bari
Giovanni Luca CascaranoRocco CaliandroDritan Siliqi, Benedetta Carrozzini, Danilo Benny Belviso, Davide Altamura, Cinzia Giannini.
PDB: 6QUF and 6QUK. Protein crystallizatino by ionic liquid hydrogel support 
PDB: 6FSW Structure of Archaeoglobus fulgidus SBDS protein at 1.9 Angstrom
PDB: 5H6Z and 5WW0, Crystal structure of Set7, a novel histone methyltransferaase in Schizossacharomyces pombe 
PDB: 5TZL, Pt(II)-mediated copper-dependent interactions between ATOX1 and MNK1
SASBDB: SASDET8, GTPase Elongation Factor like-1 bound Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome protein (EFL1*SDo1)
SASBDB: SASDAC8, SDS hydrolase SdsA1
SASBDB: SASDEV8, Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome protein (yeast SD01)
SASBDB: SASDEW8, Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome protein (SD01) with domains 2 and 3
SASBDB: SASDEU8, GTPase Elongation Factor like-1 protein (yeast EFL1)
Department of Biosciences, University of Milan
Martino Bolognesi, Martina Palamini, Paolo Swuec, Delia Tarantino.
Carlo Camilloni, Cristina Paissoni.
Louise-Gourlay, Stefano De Benedetti, Flavio Di Pisa.
Marco Nardini, Antonio Chaves Sanjuan, Michela Lapi.
Stefano Ricagno, Rosaria Russo, Cristina Visentin, Luca Oberti, Luca Broggini.
CNR – The Biophysics Institute, Milano
Mario MilaniEloise Mastrangelo, Michela Bollati, Francesco Boni, Federica Cossu, Matteo De Rosa.
Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”, University of Florence
Vito Calderone.
IIT, Center for Nano Science and Technology, Milano
Emilio Parisini, Stefano Donini, Tommano Prosdocimi, Chiara Vettraino, Arthimede Torretta, Sara Abbate.
Laboratory of Protein Crystallography and BioXAS. PX for drug discovery
Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Siena
Stefano ManganiCecilia Pozzi, Manuela Benvenuti, Giusy Tassone, Federica Carucci, Ludovica Lopresti.
Biocrystallography and Biomineralization group
Dipartiment of Chemistry “Giacomo Ciamician”, University of Bologna
Giuseppe FaliniSImona Fermani, Giulia Magnabosco, Devis Montroni, Francesco Lanero, Veronica Bissi, Andrea Condorelli.
PDB: 6H7G, Crystal structure of redox-sensitive phosphoribulokinase (PRK) from the green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
PDB: 6H7H, Crystal structure of redox-sensitive phosphoribulokinase (PRK) from Arabidopsis thaliana
PDB: 6Q46, 6Q47, Crystal structure of thioredoxin h1 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
PDB: 6Q6T, 6Q6U, 6Q6V, Crystal structure of C39S mutant of thioredoxin h1 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
PDB: 6I19, Crystal structure of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii thioredoxin h1
PDB: 6I1C, Crystal structure of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii thioredoxin f2
PDB: 5ND5, 5ND6, Crystal structure of apo transketolase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
PDB: 5NLF, 5NLI, 5NMC, 5NL4, 5NL5, 5NLJ, Crystal structure of Zn3-hUb(human ubiquitin) adduct
Structural Biology Group
CNR – Institute of Crystallography, Trieste
Doriano Lamba, Sonia Covaceuszach, Alessandro Pesaresi, Alberto Cassetta.
BioStructures Lab
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, CNI@NEST, Pisa
Ganpiero Garau, Eleonora Margheritis, Valentina De Lorenzi, Sara Chiarugi, Elisa Martino.
Integrated Structural Biology Lab
Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, Milano
Marina Mapelli, Sebastiano Pasqualato, Valentina Cecatiello, Danilo Faccenda, Chiara Gaddoni, Silvia Monzani, Valentina Palmerini, Laura Pirovano, Cristina Renna, Francesca Rizzelli.
Bioorganic Chemistry and Bio-Crystallography laboratory (B2Cl)
Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bozen
Stefano Benini, Rosanna Caliandro, Ivan Polsinelli.
PDB: 6FRW, X-ray structure of the levansucrase from Erwinia tasmaniensis
PDB: 5O8P, The crystal structure of DfoA bound to FAD, the desferrioxamine biosynthetic pathway cadaverine monooxygenase from the fire blight disease pathogen Erwinia amylovora
PDB: 5O3Z, Crystal structure of Sorbitol-6-Phosphate 2-dehydrogenase SrlD from Erwinia amylovora
PDB: 5O5C, The crystal structure of DfoJ, the desferrioxamine biosynthetic pathway lysine decarboxylase from the fire blight disease pathogen Erwinia amylovora
PDB: 5O7O, The crystal structure of DfoC, the desferrioxamine biosynthetic pathway acetyltransferase/Non-Ribosomal Peptide Synthetase (NRPS)-Independent Siderophore (NIS) from the fire blight disease pathogen Erwinia amylovora
PDB: 5O8R, The crystal structure of DfoA bound to FAD and NADP; the desferrioxamine biosynthetic pathway cadaverine monooxygenase from the fire blight disease pathogen Erwinia amylovora
PDB: 5FRK, SeMet crystal structure of Erwinia amylovora AmyR amylovoran repressor, a member of the YbjN protein family
PDB: 5FR7, Erwinia amylovora AmyR amylovoran repressor, a member of the YbjN protein family
Biocrystal facility of Roma
CNR-Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology and Department of Biochemical Sciences, Sapienza University of Roma
Adele di Matteo, Giorgio Giardina, Annarita Fiorillo, Andrea Ilari, Linda Celeste Montemiglio, Linda Savino, Beatrice Vallone,
Structural Biology group
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara
Menico Rizzi, Davide Maria Ferraris, Silvia Garavaglia, Riccardo Miggiano, Franca Rossi.
PDB: 5MP7, Crystal structure of phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase from Mycobacterium smegmatis
PDB: 5HKF, Crystal structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv orotate phosphoribosyltransferase in complex with 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribosyl 1-diphosphate (PRPP)
PDB: 5LLQ, Crystal structure of Sulfolobus solfataricus O6-methylguanine methyltransferase C119F variant
PDB: 5FHZ, Human aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A3 complexed with NAD(+) and retinoic acid
Laboratory of Structural Biology
University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila
Francesco Angelucci, Rodolfo Ippoliti, Francesco Giansanti, Matteo Ardini, Luana Di Leandro, Silvestri Ilaria, Francesca Fata,
Gruppo di strutture di biomacromolecole
CNR, Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini
Rita Berisio, Alessia Ruggiero, Flavia Squeglia, Maria Romano
PhD students: Eliza Kramarska, Giovanni Barra

Main PDB structures:
3NE0, 5E27, 4Q4G, 4Q4N, 4JMN, 2MGV, 4KL7, 4JMX,4KPM, 4EMN, 3EO5, 4KQT,  Structures of cell division proteins of M. tuberculosis
6TKU, 8BKE, Structures of phage origin capsule depolymerases active  against Klebsiella pneumoniae
4OKJ, 4OKK, 6S0M, 4OKE, Structures of the RNaseAS, a key virulence  factor of M. tuberculosis
1Z58, 1OND, 1NJP, 1NJM, 1NJN, 1NJO, 1P9X, Structures of the 50S large  ribosomal subunit in complex with antibiotics
2Z4U, 2Z53, 2QES, 2QET, 3H5K, 3LE7, Structures of plant ribosome  inactivating proteins
6GPD, 6GPM, 6GGP, Structures of solute binding proteins ArgBP
1K6F, 1G9W, Structures of collagen triple helix models
Structural Biology of Biomolecules (Synthetic Biology and Biotechnology research unit)
Department of Biology, University of Padova
Laura Cendron; PhD students: Sofia De Felice, Monica Chinellato; Postdoc: Filippo Vascon; Graduate fellow: Angela Pavan; Marie-Curie Fellow (co-hosting Institution): Antonella Pasquato

Recent structures:
7OCJ, 7ZRA, 7B5G: Structure of LexA repressor in complex with Nanobody-based inihibitors
8A76, 6TGI, 6TGD, 6IBV, 6IBS etc: Metallo b-lactamases (VIM-2, NDM-1) in complex with inhibitors
7Z57, 7QFE, 7AAE, 7AAI: study of albumin in complex with drugs and perfluoroalkyl pollutants
6T7H, 6GWE: Thrombin in complex with Macrocycle Inhibitors
Gruppo di Biostrutture
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università di Napoli Federico II
Filomena Sica, Antonello Merlino, Giarita Ferraro; Post-Doc: Romualdo Troisi; PhD students: Maddalena Paolillo, Gabriella Tito

Main PDB structures:
3QLP, 4DIH, 4DII, 4I7Y, 4LZ1, 4LZ4, 5CMX, 5EW1, 5EW2, 6EVV, 6GN7, 6Z8V, 6Z8W, 6Z8X, 7NTU, 7ZKL, 7ZKM, 7ZKN, 7ZKO, 8BW5 X-ray structure of the complexes between human thrombin and DNA aptamers.
8C62, 8C63, 8C64, 8CE2 Crystal structures of the adducts between B-DNA and metal compounds.
4RSZ, 4S1Y, 5JLG, 5L4R, 5N26, 6ENW, 6RJV, 7NPM, 7NQB, 8BRC Crystal structures of the adducts between proteins and metal compounds.
3LIO, 3LJ9, 3LJF, 4L2A, 4L2B, 4L2C, 4L2D, 4YIO, 4YIP X-ray structure of superoxide dismutases.
3BCM, 3BCO, 3BCP, 3FKZ, 3FL0, 3FL1, 3FL3, 3F8G, 3LJD, 3LJE, 3LN8, 3RH1, 3RID, 4N4C, 4KXH, 7BFK, 7BFL Crystal structures of ribonucleases.
1YV4, 1YV6, 1YV7 Crystal structures of onconases.
4L0A X-ray structure of an all LNA quadruplex.
1KF2, 1KF3, 1KF4, 1KF5, 1KF7, 1KF8, 4IAU,1DY5 Atomic resolution protein structures.
1R37, 1NTO, 1NGV, 1JNG, 1JVB, 1SKQ Structures of enzymes from extremophilic microorganisms.
2P1X, 4Y23, 5O7R, 6Y3D, 6FF5, 8B4N Crystal structures of other proteins.